Tonopah Flats Lithium Exploration Project

Over the past two years, ABTC has been designing and optimizing its internally developed processing train for the manufacturing of battery cathode grade lithium hydroxide from Nevada-based sedimentary claystone resources. This work has evolved into our Tonopah Flats Lithium Exploration Project which encompasses three primary focuses.

Extraction Technology Optimization with Partner Companies

Use and application of our primary extraction technology with partner companies who have provided sedimentary claystone resource samples to refine, test, and validate its internally developed technologies for potential commercialization at other resource sites.

Development of a Domestic Field Demonstration Site

Our primary resource development efforts are currently being scaled up to a multi-tonne per day field demonstration system through the support of a grant from the US Department of Energy’s Advanced Manufacturing Office Critical Materials Innovation program.

Once built, the site will utilize our in-house developed primary extraction process including selective leaching, targeted purification, and electro-chemical production of battery grade lithium hydroxide precursor from this unique domestic claystone resource. The facility will utilize first-of-kind ABTC technology for selective extraction of lithium from claystone resources that has proven to drastically reduce chemical reagent consumption and environmental impact.

ABTC Tonopah Flats Resource Exploration Drilling Program

Exploration of our own claystone, potentially lithium-bearing resources. The ABTC Tonopah Flats Lithium Exploration Project currently encompasses the exploration of 517 unpatented lode mining claims covering approximately 10,340 acres of land that is administered by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) in Big Smoky Valley near Tonopah, Nevada. As part of this exploration, ABTC is conducting geological mapping, sampling, geochemical analysis, and proprietary extraction trials to characterize these resources and to quantify the performance of the lithium extraction and manufacturing operations.

Unique Claystone Geology in Big Smoky Valley

The area where ABTC Tonopah Flats Lithium Exploration Project is located is known for its unique sedimentary claystone resources. Preliminary evaluation of historical sampling and characterization efforts have indicated that the composition and structure of the resources on these claims are representative of resources identified on nearby claims in the same region.

Our in-house developed extraction technologies are uniquely suited to extract battery metals, like lithium, from these sedimentary claystone deposits. The ABTC process will not require the harmful and inefficient evaporation ponds associated with conventional lithium-from-brine mining. Our extraction process utilizes a selective leaching process for the low-cost extraction of lithium from claystone sedimentary resources which allows for significantly lower consumption of acid, lower levels of contaminants in the generated leach liquor, and lower overall costs of production.

Claim Acquisition

Beginning in the fall 2021, we began to acquire unpatented lease claims in Big Smoky Valley, near Tonopah, Nevada.

September 2021305 Lode Mining Claims6,000 Acres
December 2021122 Lode Mining Claims2,440 Acres
February 202290 Lode Mining Claims1,800 Acres
Total517 Lode Mining Claims10,340 Acres

Surface Samples

In early December, we shared initial surface sample results of our originally secured 305 lode mining claims.

The ABTC field team analyzed 29 new surface sample locations, along with existing samples previously collected by other parties, and the resulting data demonstrated grades of anomalous reported lithium present from 260 ppm to 1,530 ppm in the project area. Samples with values of 300 ppm and up are typically considered very prospective in nature. The historic samples were analyzed by ALS Analytical Lab in Reno Nevada, and the samples collected by ABTC were assayed at the American Assay Laboratory also in Reno, Nevada.

Subsurface Exploratory Drilling Program

In December 2021, we commenced an exploratory subsurface drilling program to further develop this resource. The subsurface samples and their results will be used to define the extent of the deposit in footprint, depth, and the grades of the lithium. Thorough analysis of these samples may take several weeks to months to complete.

Subsurface Drilling Program Samples Submitted for Analysis

In January 2022, we submitted our first set of our exploratory drill program samples to two laboratories in Nevada for analysis.

Results of Exploration Drilling Phase 1 Program

The initial exploratory drilling program of 16 targeted drill holes, guided by surface sampling results collected in early 2022, found consistent lithium concentrations. Lithium concentrations above the reference cutoff concentration of 300 ppmw were observed in every drill hole, with significantly higher peak concentrations observed in many sample holes. Based on these results, we intend to accelerate the further exploration and characterization of these claims to advance this deposit to an inferred, indicated, and measured resource through the established S-K 1300 guidelines. Next steps will include developing a step-out drill program, Phase 2, to further characterize the deposit.